If you were reading this blog back in the beginning of 2008, this will make more sense than if you weren’t. From January 2008 to April 2008, I posted a series of blogs titled, “How Great Is Our God.” The purpose of these was to look more in depth at the attributes of God. Obviously, there are so many, so I want to post another part in this title series. This part is going to look at the Sovereignty of God.
The sovereignty of God is the absolute authority, rule, and government of God in the whole of the reality that exists distinct from Himself. It respects His relation to other beings and to all other being and existence.
Sovereignty is founded upon the oneness or unity of God. Our responsibility to God is based on His oneness. When our Lord was asked the question, “What commandment is first of all?”, He answered, “The first is, Hear O Israel; the Lord our God is one Lord”. (cf. Mark 12) The logic is simple and irresistible. God is sovereign in the realms of nature and grace and this sovereignty belongs to Him because He is one, without peer or rival.
The sovereignty of God is also founded upon the self-existence of God. Since God is one and there is none else besides Him, He does not owe His existence to any other. His existence is without beginning and eternal.
The sovereignty of God is founded upon the self-sufficiency of God. Not only is He self-existent but He is to Himself sufficient. He does not need any created existence to complete His perfection and blessedness. Created reality is not a necessity arising from His being but an effect resultant upon His sovereign will.
The sovereignty of God is also founded upon the fact of creation. The moment we admit the existence of anything apart from God’s will as the principle of its origin, in that moment we have denied the absoluteness of the divine authority and rule.
He is a God who works, not just some things, but all things after the counsel of His own will.
It is not merely that God has the power and right to govern all things but that He does so always and without exception. – John Piper
The sovereignty of God in salvation is in a unique way exemplified in God’s election of sinners to salvation. The sovereignty of God is exemplified in regeneration by the Spirit. The sovereignty of God is exhibited in the free grace to lost humanity.
He fulfils His righteous purpose through the unrighteous wills of wicked men. He holds the reins of universal government and not a sparrow falls to the ground without His knowledge and ordination.
In this let the believer take solace, for it is the secret place of the Most High and the shadow of the Almighty. It is the absolute sovereignty of the eternal God. It is the absolute sovereignty of none other than the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Yours, O Lord, is the greatness, the power and the glory, the victory and the majesty; For all that is in heaven and in earth is Yours; yours is the kingdom, O Lord, and You are exalted as head over all. (1 Chr. 29:11)
– Adam Smith
Sources / Additional Reading:
John Murray – “The Sovereignty of God”
A.W. Pink – “The Sovereignty of God”
Geerhardus Vos – “Old and New Testament Biblical Theology”